Skin pigmentation disorders occur in all of us, though for certain people the effects of this problem are far more severe. It can come in the form of numerous discolored marks or brown spots, as well as patches of skin whose pigment is markedly different to the rest of your skin or as generalized dark skin. As with many highly visible skin conditions, pigmentation issues can cause issues like low self-esteem and depression for sufferers. The Clinic specializes in Melasma and Hyperpigmentation treatments for all skin types.
There are many types of hyperpigmentation but the most common are:
Melasma: it is a dysfunction in the synthesis of melanin, usually due to female hormonal changes.
Post inflammatory hyper pigmentation: this form of pigmentation is caused by trauma to the skin after inflammation. The more recent the trauma to the skin the better the chance to improve appearance of the pigmentation.
As in all kind of skin condition, prevention is always the best modality. It is essential the use of an opaque sunblock containing titanium dioxide and zinc oxide with high SPF.
1. Laser treatment:
It is designed to target pigment cells. The type of laser used, is preferentially absorbed by the melanin and the resultant heat will cause damage to the cells containing pigment. These damaged cells will then be cleared from the site resulting in lightening of the pigmented area.
2. Topical application:
- Hydroquinone. This topical application is the most commonly used, and it’s the only skin lightening treatment approved by the FDA.
- Kojic acid. This acid is derived from a fungus and works similarly to hydroquinone.
- Azelaic acid. Developed to treat acne, this has been found to be an effective treatment for hyperpigmentation as well.
- Mandelic acid. Derived from almonds, this type of acid is used to treat all types of hyperpigmentation.
3. Chemical peels:
Chemical Peels are another method for treating hyper-pigmentation. There are several types of chemical peels with different and multiple chemicals in them. Chemical peels vary in depth and strength as well.